top of page


36.  Fox, M.D., Guillaume-Castel, R., Edwards, C.B, Glanz, J., Gove, J.M, Green, J.A.M., Juhlin, E., Smith, J.E., Williams, G.J.

       2023. Ocean currents magnify upwelling and deliver nutritional subsidies to reef-building corals during El Niño heatwaves.

       Science Advances 9:eadd5032. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.add5032

35.  Eladawy, A., Nakamura, T., Shaltout, M., Mohammed, A., Nadaoka, K., Fox, M.D., Osman,  E.O. 2022. Appraisal of coral

       bleaching thresholds and thermal projections for the northern Red Sea refugia. Frontiers of Marine Science 9:938454.

34.  Rivera, H., Cohen, A.L., Thompson, J.R., Baums, I.B., Fox. M.D., Meyer-Kaiser, K. 2022. Genetic patterns in bleaching

       resistant corals in Palau. Communications Biology 5: 1394.


33.  Roche, R. Heenan, A., Taylor, B., Schwarz, J., Fox, M.D., Southworth, L., Williams, G., Turner, J. 2022. Linking variation in

       planktonic primary production to reef fish growth and condition. Royal Society Open Science 9: 201012

32.  Khen, A., Johnson, M.D., Fox, M.D., Clements, S., Carter, A.L., Smith, J.E. 2022. Decadal stability of coral reef benthic

       communities on Palmyra Atoll, central Pacific, through two thermal anomalies. Coral Reefs 41: 1017-1029.

31.  Sandin, S.A., Alcantar, E., Clark, R., de Leon, R., Dilrosun, F., Edwards, C.B., Estep, A.J., Eynaud, Y., French, B.J., Fox, M.D. et

        al. 2022. Benthic assemblages are more predictable than fish assemblages across sites on Curacao. Coral Reefs 41.

30.  Elliott Smith, E.A., Fox, M.D., Fogel. M.L., Newsome, S.D. 2022. Amino acid δ13C fingerprints of nearshore marine

       autotrophs are consistent across broad spatiotemporal scales: an intercontinental isotopic library and likely

       biochemical drivers. Functional Ecology 36: 1191-1203.

29.  Leliaert, F., Kelly, E.L.A., Janouškovec, J., Fox, M.D., Johnson, M.D., Redfern, F., Eria, T., Haas, A.F., Sala, E., Sandin,

       S.A., Smith, J.E 2022. Brilliantia kiribatiensis, a new genus and species of Cladophorales (Chlorophyta) from the 

       remote coral reefs of the Southern Line Islands, Pacific Ocean. J. Phycology 58: 183-197.

28   Remple, K.L., Silbiger, N.J., Quinlan, Z.A., Fox, M.D., Wegley Kelly, L., Donahue, M.J., Nelson, C.E. Coral reef biofilm 

       bacterial diversity and successional trajectories respond to reef benthic composition and chronic nutrient enrichment.

       NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes 7:84.


27.  Fox, M.D., Cohen, A.L., Rotjan, R., Manguhbai, S., Sandin, S.A., Smith, J.E., Thorrold, S., *Dissly, L., Mollica, N.R.,

       Obura, D. Increasing coral reef resilience through successive marine heatwaves. Geophysical Research Letters 48:


26.  Elliott Smith, E.A., and Fox, M.D. 2021.Characterizing energy flow in kelp forests: a review of the geochemical

       evidence and a call for additional research. Ecography (In Press)

25.  Fox, M.D., Nelson, C.E., Oliver, T.A., *Quinlan, Z.A, Remple, K., *Glanz, J., Smith, J.E., Putnam, H.M. 2021. Differential

       resistance and acclimation of two Hawaiian coral species to chronic nutrient enrichment reflect life-history traits. 

       Functional Ecology 35: 1081-1093.

24.  Skinner, C., Mill, A.E., Fox, M.D., Newman, S.P., Zhu, Y., Kuhl, A., Polunin, NVC. 2021. Pelagic subsidies dominate carbon

       inputs to coral reef predators. Science Advances 7: eabf3792.

23.  Sandin, S.A., Edwards, C.B., Pedersen, N.E., Petrovic, V., Pavoni, G., Alcantar, E., Chancellor, K.S., Fox, M.D., 

       Stallings, B.,Sullivan, C.J., Rotjan, R., Corsinilo, M., Zgliczynski, B.J. 2020. Considering the rates of growth in two tax

       of coral across Pacific islands. Advances in Marine Biology 87: 167-191.

22.  Johnson, M.D., Fox, M.D., Kelly, E.L.A., Zgliczynski, B.J., Sandin, S.A., Smith, J.E. 2020. Ecophysiology of coral reef 

       primary producers across an upwelling gradient in the tropical central Pacific. PlosOne 15(2): e0228448

21.  Fox, M.D., Elliott Smith, E.A., Smith, J.E., Newsome, S.D. 2019. Trophic plasticity in a common reef-building coral:

       Insights from δ13C analysis of amino acids. Functional Ecology 33:2203-2214. *Highlighted in the Functional Ecologist Blog.

20.  Carter, A.C., Edwards, C.B., Fox, M.D., Amir, C., Johnson, M.D., Lewis, L.S., Sandin, S.A., Smith, J.E. 2019. Spatial and

       temporal dynamics of the corallimorph, Rhodactis howesii, at Palmyra Atoll. Coral Reefs 38: 1267-1279.


19.  Zgliczynski, B.J., Williams, G.J., Hamilton, S.L., Cordner, E.G., Fox, M.D., Eyaud, Y., Michener, R.H., Kaufman, L.S.,

       Sandin, S.A. 2019. Foraging consistency of coral reef fishes across environmental gradients in the central Pacific.

       Oecologia 191: 433-445.

18.   Miller, S.D., Zgliczynski, B.J., Fox, M.D., Kaufman, L.S., Michener, R.H., Sandin, S.A., Hamilton, S.L. 2019.  Niche width
        expansion of coral reef fishes along a primary production gradient in the remote central Pacific. Marine Ecology
        Progress Series  625: 127–143.

17.  Radice, V.Z., Brett, M.T., Fry, B., Fox, M.D., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Dove, S.G. Evaluating coral trophic strategies using

       fatty acid composition and indices. PlosOne, 14(9): e0222327.

16.  Wegley-Kelly, L., Haas, A.F., Nelson, C.E., Naliboff, D., Calhoun, A., Carlson, C.A., Edwards, R.A., Fox, M.D., et al.

       2019. Diel population and functional synchrony of microbial communities on coral reefs. Nature Comm. 1691:10

15.  Fox, M.D., Carter, A.L., Edwards, C.B., Takeshita, Y., Johnson, M.D., Petrovic, V., Amir, C., Sala, E., Sandin, S.A., Smith,

       J.E. 2019 Limited coral mortality following acute thermal stress and widespread bleaching on Palmyra Atoll, central   

       Pacific. Coral Reefs 38: 701-712.

14.  Radice, V.Z., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Fry, B., Fox. M.D., Dove, S.G. 2019. Coral isotopic compositions across the 

       reef slope: Indicators of upwelling in a remote atoll system. Functional Ecology 33:1120-134.


13.  Fox, M.D., Williams, G.J., Johnson, M.D., Radice, V.Z., Zgliczynski, B.J., Kelly, E.L.A., Rohwer, F., Sandin, S.A., Smith,

       J.E. 2018. Gradients in primary production predict the trophic strategies of mixotrophic corals at multiple spatial                 scales. Current Biology 28:1-9

       *Featured article - see "High carb diets in corals as seen from spaceand a popular press article in the Conversation

12.  Silbiger, N.A, Nelson, C.A., Remple, K., Sevilla, J., Quinlan, Z., Putnam, H., Fox, M.D., Donahue, M. Nutrient

       pollution disrupts key ecosystem functions on coral reefs. Proc B 285: 20172718.

11.  Williams, G.J., Sandin, S.A., Zgliczynski, B.J., Fox, M.D., Gove, J.M., Rogers, J.S., Furby, K.A., Hartmann,

       A.C, Caldwell, Z.R., Price, N.N., Smith, J.E. 2018. Biophysical drivers of coral trophic depth zonation. Marine                         Biology 165:60.                    

10.  Quinlan, Z.A., Remple, K., Fox, M.D., Silbiger, N.J., Oliver, T.A., Putnam, H.M., Wegley-Kelly, L., Carlson, C.A.,                     Donahue, M.J., Nelson, C.E. 2018. Fluorescent organic exudates of corals and algae in tropical reefs are                               compositionally distinct and increase with nutrient enrichment. Limnology and Oceanography Letters  DOI:                         10.1002/lol2.10074.

 9.   Moritz, C., Ducarme, F., Sweet, J. M., Fox. M.D., Zgliczynksi, B., Ibrahim, N., Basheer, A., Furby, K.A., Caldwell,                   Z.R., Pisapia, C., Grimsditch, G., Abdulla, A. 2017. The “resort effect”: can tourist islands act as a refuge for coral                 reef species? Diversity and Distributions. DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12627

 8.   Fox, M.D. 2016. Biomass loss reduces growth and resource translocation in giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera.                         Marine Ecology Progress Series 526: 65-77 [PDF]

  7.  Nakajima, R., Nakatomi, N., Kurihara, H., Fox, M.D., Smith, J.E., Okaji, K. 2016. Crown-of-thorns starfish larvae                     feed on organic matter released from corals. Diversity 8:4. [PDF]


  6.  Foley, M.M., Martone, R.G., Fox, M.D., Kappel, C.V., Mease, L.A., Erickson, A.L., Halpern, B.S., Selkoe, K.A., Taylor,             P., Scarborough, C. 2015. Using ecological thresholds to inform resource management: current options and future               possibilities. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2: 95. [PDF]

  5.  Enochs, I.C., Manzello, D.P., Donham, E., Kolodziej, G., Okano, R., Johnston, L., Young, C., Iguel, J., Edwards,                       C., Fox, M.D., et. al. 2015. Shift from coral to macroalgal dominance on a volcanically acidified reef. Nature                         Climate Change 5: 1083-1088. [PDF]

  4.  Adey, W., Halfar, J., Humphreys, A., Suskiewicz, M., Belanger, D., Gagnon, P., Fox, M.D. 2015. Subarctic rhodolith               beds promote longevity of crustose coralline algal buildups and their climate archiving potential. Palaios 30: 281-               293. [PDF]

  3.  Fox, M.D. * 2013. Resource translocation drives δ13C fractionation during recovery from disturbance in giant kelp,             Macrocystis pyrifera. Journal of Phycology 49: 811-15. [PDF]

       *Voted as a Letter by the editorial board 

  2.  Gray, S.C., Sears, W.T., Kolupski, M.L., Hastings, Z.C., Przyuski, N.W., Fox, M.D., DeGrood, A. 2012. Factors                         affecting land-based sedimentation in coastal bays, US Virgin Islands. Proceedings of the 12th International Coral               Reef Symposium, Cairns, Australia, 9-13 July, 21A2. [PDF]

  1.  Dikou, A., Ackerman, C. Banks, C., Dempsey, A., Fox, M.D., Gins, M., Hester, P., Parnes, A., Roach, S., Rohde, J.,                 Spital, C., Tapleshay, M., and Thomas, L. 2009. Ecological assessment to detect imminent change, Admiral                           Cockburn Land and Sea National Park, Turks and Caicos Islands. Marine Ecology 30: 425-436. [PDF]


Book Chapters

        Graham, M.H., Fox, M.D., and Hamilton, S.L. Macrophyte productivity and the provisioning of energy and habitat              to nearshore systems. 2016. In: Marine Macrophytes as Foundation Species (ed. Olafsson, E.), Science                                  Publisher/CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. ISBN 978-1-498-72324-4,pp. 131-160. [PDF]

In Review or Revision

Eakin, C. M. et al. including Fox, M.D. 2014-2017 Global coral bleaching event: the most severe and widespread ever recorded. In revision

Screen Shot 2018-10-26 at 10.59.57
Screen Shot 2019-11-14 at 11.04.44
bottom of page